In order to accomplish this, existing device types used for PUF designs will be reviewed and key criteria that are important in the design of a robust PUF such as variability, uniqueness, unclonability and stability with respect to aging over time will be identified. A formalized set of standards will then be generated from this research to identify and evaluate future PUF designs.
Cyberspace networks are increasingly vulnerable to a wide array of new threats, making it imperative that we equip our airmen with advanced and superior operational capabilities in cyberspace4. Identifying hardware level, physics based device processes that can be exploited to increase information assurance in DoD cyber systems is a necessary shift towards creating hardware security as a built-in, ground up security measure. This type of research, including security analysis, nanoelectronics, counterfeit device detection, cryptography, and cyberattack countermeasures will elevate security as a fundamental design parameter and transform the way new nanoscale devices are developed. The applications of the technologies discussed above are envisioned to be the cornerstones of a system that greatly inhibits the unwanted exfiltration of data and proliferation of malware through multiple systems.
 Department of Defense DoD Directive 3020.40, DoD Policy and Responsibilities for Critical Infrastructure, July 2010, available at:http://www.dtic.mil/whs/directives/corres/ pdf/302040p.pdf.
 Department of Defense Instruction (DoDI) 8500.01E, DoD Policy and Responsibilities for Critical Infrastructure, July 2010, available at:http://www.dtic.mil/whs/directives/ corres/pdf/302040p.pdf.
 Jeyavijayan Rajendran, Student Member, IEEE, Ramesh Karri, Member, IEEE, James B. Wendt, Member, IEEE, Miodrag Potkonjak, Member, IEEE, Nathan McDonald, Member, IEEE, Garrett S. Rose, Member, IEEE, and Bryant Wysocki, Member, IEEE ”Nanoelectronic Solutions for Hardware Security”.
 Air Force Basic Doctrine, Organization, and Command, 14 October 2011.